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What is catalytic reforming of oil and what is its purpose
May 29, 2018

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Catalytic reforming: the process of rearranging hydrocarbon molecular structure in gasoline fraction into new molecular structure under the condition of catalyst is called catalytic reforming.

One of oil refining process, heating, hydrogen pressure and the presence of catalyst, make the light gasoline fraction obtained crude distillation (or naphtha) into a high octane number gasoline rich in aromatic (reforming gasoline), and the by-product process of liquefied petroleum gas and hydrogen.

Reforming gasoline can be used as blending components of gasoline directly, and benzene, toluene and xylene can be extracted from aromatic hydrocarbons.

By-product hydrogen is an important source of hydrogen for the hydrogenation equipment (such as hydrogenation refining and hydrocracking) in petroleum refineries.

Catalytic reforming is the use of catalysts to rearrange the molecular structure of hydrocarbons and produce a large amount of hydrogen.

It can be seen that it is a complex distillation process

Catalytic cracking and catalytic cracking is under the action of catalyst, make macromolecular hydrocarbons (carbon chain is longer) is decomposed into less carbon chain hydrocarbon, it aims to produce high octane number gasoline, oil product fractionation of long chain hydrocarbon fracture into ethylene, toluene and xylene and other chemical raw materials, which is the petrochemical production process, the principle is different components in oil to the boiling point is not the same, such as propylene short chain hydrocarbon, or benzene processing, cracking is a depth of cracking.

Catalytic reforming is an important secondary process in petroleum processing. Fractionation is a physical process with a higher temperature than cracking