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Biocatalysis
Jun 26, 2017

Enzymes are biocatalysts, organic compounds produced by plants, animals, and microorganisms (the vast majority of proteins). But a small amount of RNA also has a catalytic function, known as enzymes. The catalysis of enzymes is also selective. For example, starch. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch to dextrin and maltose, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins to peptides. Living organisms use them to speed up chemical reactions in the body. Without enzymes, many of the chemical reactions in the organism would proceed very slowly and would be difficult to sustain. The enzyme works best at temperatures around 37 degrees Celsius (body temperature). If the temperature is above 50 or 60 degrees, the enzyme will be destroyed and no longer functional. Therefore, the use of enzymes to break stains on clothing biological detergents, at low temperatures, the most effective. Enzymes are important in physiology, medicine, agriculture, industry and so on. At present, the application of enzyme is more and more extensive.