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Development process of catalyst in China
Jun 26, 2017

The first catalyst production workshop in China is right factory Wynn in 1959 renamed the Department of catalyst, catalyst factory of Nanjing chemical industry corporation. To start production of AI type ammonia synthesis catalyst, C-2 type high temperature shift catalyst for carbon monoxide and type VI vanadium catalyst for oxidation of sulfur dioxide in 1950, after gradually complete industrial ammonia required for catalyst production. In 80s, China began to produce supported nickel catalysts for the conversion of natural gas and light oil to steam. By 1984, more than 40 units had been developed for the production of sulphuric acid, nitric acid and synthetic ammonia.

In order to develop fuel chemical industry, in the early 50s, the petroleum three plant began to produce molybdenum sulfide clay, tungsten sulfide activated carbon, tungsten sulfide clay and pure tungsten sulfide and molybdenum sulfide catalyst for the hydrogenation of shale oil. Oil six factory started production of cobalt based catalysts for Fischer Tropsch synthesis, phosphoric acid production 1960 folding diatomite catalyst. In the early 60s, China developed rich oil resources and began to develop industrial production of petroleum refining catalysts. At that time, the petroleum catalytic cracking catalyst was first produced in Lanzhou refinery. In 1964, the small ball silicon aluminum catalyst plant was put into operation. In 70s, China began producing rare earth -X zeolite and rare earth -Y zeolite. At the end of 70s in Changling oil refinery catalyst factory, started production of CO gelling silicon aluminum rare earth Supported Zeolite -Y, produced high pile ratio, wear-resistant semi synthetic rare earth -Y type molecular sieve catalyst factory of Qilu Petrochemical Industries Co in the future. Since 60s, China began to develop reforming catalysts. In the middle of 60s, the petroleum three plant began to produce platinum catalysts. In 70s, bimetallic platinum rhenium catalysts and multi metal reforming catalysts were produced. In hydrotreating, in 60s, the three oil plant began to produce molybdenum cobalt and molybdenum nickel reforming pre hydrogenation catalyst. In 70s, the molybdenum cobalt nickel low pressure pre hydrogenation catalyst was started. In 80s, the three leaves hydrogenation catalyst was started.

For the development of organic chemical industry, at the end of 50s to the beginning of 60s for the manufacturing of ethylbenzene dehydrogenation iron catalyst, acetylene and hydrogen chloride vinyl chloride / activated carbon catalyst, vanadium oxide naphthalene oxidation catalyst used in the fluidized bed, and hydrogenation with Raney nickel catalyst. In mid 60s to meet the needs of Chinese petroleum chemical industry development, production of new varieties of catalyst increase rapidly, the selective hydrogenation catalyst to 80s has produced a variety of refined olefin, and began production of propylene oxide catalyst microspheres by ammoxidation of supported metal catalysts for the oxidation of acetic acid and ethylene vinyl acetate, and efficient catalysts for olefin polymerization industrial waste gas treatment honeycomb catalyst.

The catalyst is widely used in the future global businesses, both in the catalyst science theory research and development, and utilization of clean energy, environmental protection and improve the economic benefit and the survival of the human environment management and protection have great prospects for development. In short, the survival and development of human beings, living cannot do without catalyst and its development.